robot /ˈrəʊbɒt/ - f​rom Czech, from robota ‘forced labour’

Robotic Surgery

A robot is by definition a machine that independently performs certain work processes. This definition doesn't really apply to modern surgical robots and often leads to misunderstandings. Surgical robots don't perform an operation 'on behalf' of the surgeon. Without the surgeons input they wouldn't even move an inch. A surgical robot is a highly sophisticated surgical instrument that is completely under the control of the surgeon and enables the operator to perform very precise and small movements that would be difficult or - in some circumstances impossible - to reproduce by the human hand.

Robotic Systems

A surgical robotic system consists of several components, including the robotic arms to which instruments are attached, a vision unit and an interface for the surgeon to work at. 

Technological Advances

The instruments are designed in a way that allow for up to 7 degrees of freedom which is similar to the human hand. A high-definition camera delivers 3D images to the surgeon's console and create an illusion of being very close to the tissue to be dissected.. 

The Role in Bowel Surgery

Robotic surgery is used for a wide range of complex abdominal operations. It lends itself for the treatment of colon and rectum, especially for bowel cancer, as it allows for a high level of precision to ensure that the cancer is removed safely and completely.